Reimagining Traffic Signal Timing in a post-COVID world
The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted nearly every industry and changed the way people think about work. Mead & Hunt’s travel survey indicates a strong appetite for remote work, and the potential for significant shifts in travel patterns and modes. As we witness this transformational shift to a remote workforce, what will it mean for the way we engineer traffic signal timings? It is important for practitioners to start reimagining their traffic signal timing programs and how they can be adapted to meet the challenges of our uncertain future.
Signal Timing for an Uncertain Future.
The long-term impacts of COVID-19 on our transportation system are far from certain. Will traffic volumes return to normal soon or ever? What will happen if we change our signal timings now, and then the traffic volumes return suddenly? Expending limited resources to rapidly retime entire signal networks in response to lower traffic volumes is not feasible. Adaptive Signal Control could help, but takes time to deploy – and, as Keith Riniker explains, may not always be the right solution.
A Renewed Focus on Safety.
The COVID-19 pandemic adds a new dimension to transportation safety in terms of personal health and avoiding infection. Expanded sidewalks or bike lanes for social distancing means fewer travel lanes (or less parking), the threat of infection puts the safety of pedestrian pushbuttons in question, and the fear of crowding on public transit means more buses and bus lanes to reduce occupancy and improve service. The traveling public will expect traffic signals to play a role in supporting these changes. But rapidly replacing existing pushbuttons with touchless technology or deploying Transit Signal Priority are not short-term solutions.
Reimagining Existing Tools for New Challenges.
The new challenges faced by traffic signal timing practitioners are compounded by funding shortfalls facing many agencies. New technology and high dollar studies are not in the budget – we need to make it work with what we have. Here are some simple strategies that can be considered:
- Prioritize pedestrians and avoid pushbuttons by instituting pedestrian recalls where appropriate.
- Increase crossing times to allow pedestrians to spread out, particularly in areas with vulnerable populations (e.g. senior living facilities).
- Install Leading Pedestrian Intervals (LPIs) to improve safety and encourage multi-modal transportation.
- During your next corridor retiming project, develop special peak-direction (AM & PM) offset plans for lower volume conditions – leverage existing lower cycle and split plans (e.g. Midday) to save resources. Save them in your database for on-demand use like any other special event plans.
- When possible, use existing lower cycle plans to account for lower traffic volumes.
- Identify critical intersections and movements for transit vehicles. Consider pretimed queue jump phasing with concurrent LPIs to avoid costly transit detection equipment and maintenance.
- Save money on traffic counts by using big data to identify travel pattern trends, and compare historical counts with field observations to understand what is happening in the field.
Mead & Hunt is proactively recommending and applying these techniques as part of our signal timing work for multiple jurisdictions. These actions help us meet our commitment to put people first.
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